Some of the bones of the face are cut and moved. To our knowledge, these are the first data demonstrating that surgical reconstruction of facial defects is a high-value intervention as perceived by society. Calculating means of the raw SG data showed that observers were willing to risk a 6. Abnormal structures of the body may result from:. We excluded from recruitment individuals younger than 18 years, and those reporting to have schizophrenia or autism spectrum disorders owing to established differences in the way individuals with those disorders direct attention toward a face. Utility outcome scores for unilateral facial paralysis. Parents of children with deformities of the face often feel guilty or ashamed, especially when the deformities are due to a genetic condition.
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The WTP values for a perfect reconstruction were significantly reduced following reconstructive surgery for all defect categories, except large central defects, indicating that, on average, the actual repairs are perceived as near-perfect. Cosmetic surgery is an extension of reconstructive surgery in which the main functional gain to be expected is an improvement in appearance. Unlike a skin graft, flaps carry their own blood supply, so can be used to repair more complex defects. More than any other technique, microsurgery has revolutionised plastic surgery as a specialty, and is now the definitive treatment option for patients with cancer and major trauma. In a full thickness skin graft the entire dermis and its overlying epidermis is removed.